B+ABR Backheuser e Riera Arquitetura:“Orla Conde”项目是里约热内卢港口区转型和城市中心重新定位过程中的一部分。高耸的高架桥被拆除,这是对波尔图马拉维拉港的主要景观规划之一。高架桥建于上个世纪六十年代,蜿蜒曲折,阻挡了港口地区的美丽风景,打破了与邻近的Baíade Guanabara海湾之间的融合感。2014年将高架桥拆除后,里约的城市景观和被遗忘的自然风光都浮现出来,甚至有的美景是从未被人发现过的。而且沿着Baia de Guanabara海滨,有了大面积的空地可供城市建设。近五十年来,作为一个恶化的工业废弃地区,这个“不为人知的地方”——奥拉康德占地大约二万五千平方米,对它的改造不仅是港口区域振兴的基础,也是市中心转移的基础。通过对当地居民及行人生活方式的研究,奥拉·康德(Orla Conde)改变了老旧的规划范式,建造了一个汽车优于行人的城市交通系统。居民可以通过不同的交通工具(如电车、自行车、车辆等)实现有组织的道路通行。该项目在规划中预留了休息玩耍区,还可以向海湾展现其历史悠久的建筑物和怡人的绿化景观。它试图恢复城市与Baan de Guanabara海滨的紧密联系,除此之外,他还为城市复兴中心和Porto Maravilha地区提供丰富的活动场地和各种各样的功能设施。
B+ABR Backheuser e Riera Arquitetura: The “Orla Conde” Project is part of the process of transformation and urban recharacterization of the port region and centre of Rio de Janeiro, deriving from Porto Maravilha’s urban operation. The demolition of the raised viaduct is defined as one of the main interventions carried out within the site of Porto Maravilha. Built in the 60’s, the viaduct ripped patterns and had a negative impact on the port region’s landscape, breaking its proximity with the Baía de Guanabara (a bay). This removal, along the year 2014, gives back landscapes and forgotten places to the city of Rio, even sometimes unknown, and returns to the city and pedestrians a large area along the Baia de Guanabara’s waterfront. Seen in the last 50 years as a deteriorated, industrial and abandoned area, a “non-place”, the approximate 250.000 m2 of the Orla Conde are not only a fundamental piece for the renewal and revitalisation of the port area, but also of the centre of the city. Focusing on the citizen/pedestrian, the Orla Conde stablishes a change of paradigm, leaving behind a city that prioritized the car over pedestrians. The project allows a pacific and organized coexistence of different means of transport (VLT-tram, bicycles, vehicles and alternative transportations), generates resting and playing areas, unveils historic buildings and views and landscapes to the bay. It attempts to recover the integration of the built city with the Baía de Guanabara, in addition to giving support to future activities and new functions which will have to emerge in the revitalized centre and the Porto Maravilha region.

1o_Distrito_naval_2_2880_Ignasi_Riera.jpg

© Ignasi Riera

1o_Distrito_naval_3_2880_JoaoP_Backheuser.jpg

© Joao Backheuser

1o_Distrito_naval_4_2880_francis_figueiredo.jpg

© Francis Figueiredo

1o_Distrito_naval_5_2_2880_francis_figueiredo.jpg

© Francis Figueiredo

1o_Distrito_naval_2880_Ignasi_Riera.jpg

© Ignasi Riera

Boulevard_2_2880_Portonovo.jpg

© Portonovo

Boulevard_2a_2880_Portonovo.jpg

© B+ABR

Boulevard_3_2880_francis_figueiredo.jpg

© Francis Figueiredo

Boulevard_4_2880_francis_figueiredo.jpg

© Francis Figueiredo

Boulevard_5_2880_francis_figueiredo.jpg

© Francis Figueiredo

Boulevard_6_2880_francis_figueiredo.jpg

© Francis Figueiredo

Boulevard_2880_Portonovo.jpg

© Portonovo

Candelaria_2_2880_francis_figueiredo.jpg

© Francis Figueiredo

Candelaria_3_2880_francis_figueiredo.jpg

© Francis Figueiredo

Candelaria_2880_francis_figueiredo.jpg

© Francis Figueiredo

Misericordia_2_2880_Ignasi_Riera.jpg

© Ignasi Riera

Misericordia_4_2880_Portonovo.jpg

© Portonovo

Parada_VLT_2880_Ignasi_Riera.jpg

© Ignasi Riera

Plaza_Maua_2_2880_Andre_Sanches.jpg

© Andre Sanches

Plaza_Maua_3_2880_Andre_Sanches.jpg

© Andre Sanches

Plaza_Maua_4_2880_Miguel_Sa.jpg

© Miguel Sa

Plaza_Maua_5_2880_Andre_Sanches.jpg

© Andre Sanches

Plaza_Maua_6_2880_Andre_Sanches.jpg

© Andre Sanches

Plaza_Maua_7_2880_Andre_Sanches.jpg

© Andre Sanches

Plaza_Maua_8_2880_Andre_Sanches.jpg

© Andre Sanches

Plaza_Maua_9_2880_Miguel_Sa.jpg

© Miguel Sa

Plaza_Maua_11_2880_Andre_Sanches.jpg

© Andre Sanches

Plaza_Maua_12_2880_Andre_Sanches.jpg

© Andre Sanches

Plaza_Maua_13_2880_francis_figueiredo.jpg

© Francis Figueiredo

Plaza_Maua_2880_Miguel_Sa.jpg

© Miguel Sa

x-diagrama2.jpg

© B+ABR

x-PLANO01_A3_eng.jpg

© B+ABR

x-RAISED-VIADUCT-BOULEVARD-2-YEAR_2010.jpg

BEFORE

x-RAISED-VIADUCT-BOULEVARD-YEAR_2010.jpg

BEFORE

x-RAISED-VIADUCT-YEAR_2010.jpg

BEFORE

x-section_longitudinal_pasaje_misericordia-300x267.jpg

© B+ABR

x-section_passarela_1o_Distrito_Naval.jpg

© B+ABR

x-section_transversal_Boulevard.jpg

© B+ABR

xsection_longitudinal_candelaria-300x279.jpg

© B+ABR
资料
项目名称: Luiz Paulo Conde Waterfront Promenade (“Orla Conde”) / Olympic Boulevard in Rio de Janeiro
设计公司: B+ABR Backheuser e Riera Arquitetura
景观设计: João Pedro Backheuser/ Ignasi Riera
建筑规划: Javier Zaldívar / Enrique Valiente
团队: Mikel Muñoz, Paolo Nadalin, Victor Pastor, Rosario Portillo, André Sanches, Antoni Soler, Pilar Tejero
地点: Praça Mauá, 1. Rio de Janeiro. RJ, Brasil
完成时间: 2016
面积: 252.000 m2 (25,2 Ha.)
图片: Miguel Sa, André Sanches, Francis Figueiredo, PortoNovo/Prefeitura
委托人:
CDURP (Companhia de Desenvolvimento Urbano da Região do Porto de Rio de Janeiro-attached to Council), PortoNovo (concessionary), PortoRio (contractor), RAIAR (architecture consultant), Engecorps (Structures and Installations), Lucia Costa e Francis Soares (Softscaping)
所用材料:
1. Granite pavings (random dimensions): Cinza (grey) andorinha-flamed and bush-hammered / Preto (black) São Gabriel -flamed / Giallo (yellow) Ornamental-flamed and bush-hammered / Beige Ipanema-flamed
2. Exterior furniture by Otima and MMCité
3. Lighting by Schréder